Web Technologies

Back to business in this next piece.

What are “Web Technologies”? How do we define them? The following post will follow up on exactly these questions and hopefully shed some light on the topic.

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To get it right we have to start with the basics. The types of web technologies that there are. In our systems today there are a number of technologies in place such as; Web 1.0, Web 2.0, Web 3.0, and Semantic Web. However, not all these are the same, yet they are all related.

Web 1.0 refers to the first stage in the World Wide Web (WWW), made up entirely of web pages connected through hyperlinks. The basic concept of Web 1.0 technology unfortunately makes it irrelevant to this post as it is believed to refer to the web when it was a set of static sites providing to interactive content.

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Now, for the more interesting part.

Web 2.0.

Web 2.0, the term that was founded in 2004 by Tim O’Rielly, where the technology behind the concept was explained. It is explained as a platform that can be used as an interactive source for end users. It refers to the second generation of the Web itself where everything is user-centered. This indicates a radical shift in the static component of Web 1.0. The services of Web 2.0 focus on social connection, media and information sharing.

Information such as user related content that can be shared and collaborated with other individuals. Sounds a lot like a blog doesn’t it? Or maybe even a shared services site?

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What is certain about the technology of Web 2.0 is that it is flexible. Flexibility is key in such a technology, socially driven industry. The ability to create on the fly and come up with solutions to old problems and update past services to keep up with today’s ever-changing technology. In order to keep Web 2.0 around the framework is very simple and easy to use, making it a reason for its longevity. It is also lightweight, meaning it is easy to use, adopt, create and deliver using a variety of technologies and models.

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Web 3.0

The extended brother if you will. Web 3.0 is basically that. An extension of Web 2.0. Nova Spivack defines it as connective intelligence; connecting data, concepts, applications and ultimately people. Furthermore, while some assume that Semantic Web is basically Web 3.0 Spivack describes it as on of several defining trends that will ultimately define Web 3.0 Technology.

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This technology is able to express a kind of intelligence, incorporating Artificial Intelligence (AI), Natural language processing and data mining techniques. Understanding of the term “Semantic” is that it is the study of meaning, focusing on relationships between words, symbols, phrases and signs. This indicates that a Semantic Web is one that learns and adapts to the user in a way that seems as though the Web understands the users final goal or what they are trying to say. It goes a long way for businesses to think of using these techniques in order to achieve targets and specified user goals.

Comparisons?

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As the table above shows the differences between the two technologies it is certain that while they are different they do make up of the same principles. They are ever evolving and for that reason will be relevant for a long time to come.

Web 4.0

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  • Web 0.0 – Developping the internet
  • Web 1.0 – The shopping carts & static Web
  • Web 2.0 – The writing and participating Web
  • Web 3.0 – The semantic executing Web
  • Web 4.0 – Open, Linked & Symbiotic Web
  • Web 5.0 – ???

Web 4.0. Hypothetically has not been developed however it has been thought of. The subject matter touches on Sci-Fi at this point in time however, with advancements in technology we see today it is plausible to assume that these Ultra Intelligent technologies can be developed in the near future.

Can you imagine a screen-less smartphone?

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So to thicken the plot my question this week is what do you think of Web 5.0? What could it be? How could we even comprehend it?

Until next time

Rez

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